Forged Carbon Steel
Carbon steel forgings are created through a steel forging process. These types of forgings are dull, with a matte finish that is comparable to a cast iron pot or wrought iron fencing. Forged carbon steel can contain an unspecified number of alloys, without a minimum requirement percentage. Some of the alloys found within carbon steel forgings include: nickel, titanium, tungsten, chromium, cobalt, zirconium and more. The more carbon found within the steel alloy the lower its melting point. Forged carbon steel is ideal for applications that involve high temperature and pressure such as oil and gas piping and special machinery parts.
Carbon Steel Forging Options
Depending on your project needs there are a wide range of available options when it comes to carbon steel grades. All four grades can be heat treated to improve their machinability, strength and ductility. Our carbon steel forging options, include:
- Low Carbon Steel – This grade of carbon steel contains approximately 0.05% to 0.25% carbon content with up to 0.4% manganese content (e.g. AISI 1020 steel). Low carbon steel is less strong, but it is cheaper and easier to shape compared to higher carbon steels. The surface hardness can also be increased through carburizing.
- Medium Carbon Steel – Medium grade carbon steel has approximately 0.29% to 0.54% carbon content with 0.60 to 1.65% manganese content (e.g. AISI 1045 steel). This grade balances ductility and strength and has good wear resistance; it used for large parts, forging and car parts.
- High Carbon Steel – High carbon steel contains approximately 0.55% to 0.95% carbon content with 0.30 to 0.90% manganese content. This grade is very strong and is used for springs and high-strength wires.
Open-Die Forged Carbon Steel
As a premier open-die carbon steel forgings manufacturer Great Lakes Forge can create forged carbon steel that will stand the test of time. The open die forging process increases the strength of the material by eliminating air bubbles or other flaws often associated with casting. In addition to forged carbon steel’s wear and impact resistance due to its tight grain structure, it is also mechanically stronger than a wide range of other forged metals.
In addition, our open die forgings can be produced to specifications for metal alloys including AISI, ASTM, AMS, API, SAE, ASME, AWS, JIS and GB in many custom forged shapes and heat treated conditions to achieve critical physical properties, such as tensile, yield, elongation and reduction of area for the desired end use as specified by the purchaser.
Advantages of Forged Carbon Steel
As a well-seasoned forging manufacturer Great lakes Forge understands the value in creating advanced quality carbon steel forgings for your project needs. Some of the main benefits of forged carbon steel include the following:
- Impact Strength – Forged carbon steel has excellent strength qualities, so it can withstand high amounts of stress, impact and load.
- Product Efficiency – Carbon steel forgings can be produced in numerous sizes, which creates products that are flexible and efficiently produced.
- Economical – The forged carbon steel process creates end products through an open-die process that is extremely cost-effective compared to other materials and processes.
- Tight Grain Structure – Forged carbon steel’s tight grain structure makes it mechanically strong. There is less need for expensive alloys to attain high strength components.
Additionally, carbon steel open-die forgings are generally stronger and more reliable than castings and steel plate since the grain flows of the steel are altered, which then conforms to the shape of the part.
Contact Great Lakes Forge for your Forged Carbon Steel Needs Today
At Great Lakes Forge we have the experience, resources, and capabilities to meet or exceed all your custom open-die carbon steel forging needs. Contact Great Lakes Forge today for more information or to request a quote.